The Indian Census is the most credible source of information on Demography (Population characterstics), Economic Activity, Literacy and Education, Housing & Household Amenities, Urbanisation, Fertility and Mortality, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Language, Religion, Migration, Disability and many other socio-cultural and demographic data since 1872.
Census 2011 is the 15th National Census of the Country. This is the only source of primary data in the village, town and ward level, It provides valuable information for planning and formulation policies for Central and the State Governments and is widely used by National and International Agencies, Scholars, business people, industrialists, and many more.
Disturbing part of the statistics
2. Poverty Rate
3. Hunger and Malnutrition
4. Housing/Slum Problem
5. Environment Pollution
The unemployment rate in India is estimated at 9.4 percent or 94 persons out of 1000 persons in the labour force for the fixed reference period of FY 2009-10, according to employment-unemployment survey by the Labour Bureau under the Labour and Employment Ministry.From 1983 until 2000, India’s Unemployment Rate averaged 7.20 percent reaching an historical high of 8.30 percent in December of 1983.
As per the findings of Tendulkar Committeeon Poverty , India’s poverty rate is estimated at 37.2% of the total population, rather than a figure of 27.5% used previously. This implies an increase in the number of BPL households from 65.2 million to almost 80 million. on Poverty , India’s poverty rate is estimated at 37.2% of the total population, rather than a figure of 27.5% used previously. This implies an increase in the number of BPL households from 65.2 million to almost 80 million..
Hunger and Malnutrition
India ranks 67 on the Global Hunger Index 2010, conducted by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) among 88 nations.India may be the second fastest growing economy in the world, but it fares far worse than lesser deve-oped countries such as Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka in the neighbourhood, when it comes to taking care of its malnourished children. India is home to 42% of the underweight children under the age of five year in the world.
As per the report of Pranab Sen Committee constituted to look in to various aspects of slum cesnus, country’s slum population had grown by 17.8 million people in the last decade.The committee projected the slum population in 2011 at 93.06 million, up from 75.26 million in 2001 as per the new definition poverty. The 2001 census figures pegged the slum population at 52.40 million.
Poverty combined with escalating population has placed undue pressure on the forests as they are being cut down
without any remorse. Some other effects of population tsunami on surrounding environment (directly or indirectly) are given here :
• Air Pollution
• Water Pollution
• Noise Polltuion
• Deforestration which further responsible for :
global warming,decreased biodiversity, soil erosion,
reduce rainfall, desertification, flooding, removal of
habitats for animal, removal of topsoil.