Saturday, March 27, 2010

Earth Hour from 8.30 pm to 9.30 pm on March 27, 2010

Earthquakes in Haiti, Chile, taiwan and other countries have make alarm for natural resource conservation and global worming at all levels.

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has called for this Earth Hour. It's an another step to aware people about natural resources ant how to protect them. According to the United Nations Organization, "individual awareness and action is the key to combat climate change."

Under the Earth Hour initiative, people are motivated to switch off their lights from 8.30 pm to 9.30 pm on March 27 and sit in divine meditation on Earth Hour and pray for the strength of Mother Earth.

Earth Hour started in 2007 in Sydney, Australia when 2.2 million homes and businesses off their lights for one hour to take initiatives against climate change. Only a year later, Earth Hour had become a global sustainability movement with more than 50 million people across 35 countries participating.

In March 2009, hundreds of millions of people took part in the third Earth Hour. 4000 cities in 88 countries officially switched off light/electricity to save the  planet, save the earth and made Earth Hour 2009 the world’s largest global climate change initiative.

Earth Hour is organized by  WWF. With almost 5 million supporters and a global network in over 125 countries in 2010.

Sunday, March 21, 2010

Celebration of World Water week from March 22nd-29th

On March 22, events in the US, India, and around the world celebrate clean water. It’s aim to focus international attention on the importance of freshwater and to take concrete steps for the sustainable management of freshwater resources. concrete steps for the sustainable management of freshwater resources . we are taking a week to celebrate the 200 million people who have gained access to safe water over the past 10 years.
People from hundreds of villages and slums all over the world will join elected officials, international organizations and community leaders to recognize the importance of water, sanitation and hygiene. They gather to celebrate the improvements made in their villages and rally support for future efforts.
March 22 was first deemed World Water Day in 1993 by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) as an international day of observance and action to draw attention to the role that freshwater plays in our world and lives. Today’s reality is that one in eight people in the world don’t have access to safe water,  1.1 billion people rely on unsafe drinking-water sources and millions of women and children must still spend several hours a day collecting water from distant, often polluted sources and 2.5 billion people live without a toilet.
Worldwide water quality is declining mainly due to human activities. Increasing population growth, rapid urbanisation, discharge of new chemicals from industries and invasive species.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) 4 billion diarrhoea  cases each year in addition to millions of other cases of illness are associated with lack of access to water and.   Per year 2,2 million people die in  diarrhoea most of them are children under the age of five and nearly 80% of childhood diseases are related to bad water.
So many World Water Day events , awareness programmes and fund raising are held around the world on 22 March.  There will be thousands of Toilet Queues organised all over the world from 22-29 March 2010. It is a Guinness World Record attempt to help solve the global sanitation crisis.

Friday, March 19, 2010

Top 14 Social Journals to know more about Social Work Research

Social work is for community people, needy people especially of the disadvantaged, providing psychological counseling, guidance, and assistance, especially in the form of social services.

The social work profession promotes social change, problem solving in human relationships and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well-being.  Social Journals is a daily written record of personal experiences and observations.  It's also means a magazine or other regularly published paper and a diary giving an account of each day's social activities.

Journal of Social Issues (JSI) brings behavioral and social science theory, empirical evidence, and practice to bear on human and social problems. Each issue of JSI focuses on a single topic - recent issues, for example, have addressed poverty, housing and health; privacy as a social and psychological concern; youth and violence; and the impact of social class on education. A subscription to JSI also includes a full subscription to SPSSI's two other journals, Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy (ASAP) and the newest, Social Issues and Police Review (SIPR).

Published for the British Association of Social Workers, this is the leading academic social work journal in the UK. It covers every aspect of social work, with papers reporting research, discussing practice, and examining principles and theories. It is read by social work educators, researchers, practitioners and managers who wish to keep up to date with theoretical and empirical developments in the field.

The Indian Journal of Social Work (IJSW) is a pioneering publication of the social work profession in India , by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences. The IJSW is published every January, April, July and October, and has entered its 66 th year of uninterrupted publishing, a record in journal publishing.

This page contains journals related to social psychology, personality psychology, and general psychology. For additional journal information, see:

The Journal of Social Sciences (J Soc Sci)  is designed to publish reports of original research, theoretical articles and brief communications in social sciences. Raising issues across disciplinary boundaries and facilitating exchange of views, this journal intends to serve as a forum of social scientists, especially those who share common interests in the understanding of various problems related to contemporary society. It also publishes reviews of books and other publications relevant to social sciences.

The Journal of Social Policy carries high quality articles on all aspects of social policy in an international context. It places particular emphasis upon articles which seek to contribute to debates on the future direction of social policy, to present new empirical data, to advance theories, or to analyse issues in the making and implementation of social policies.

The Journal of Social Work Values and Ethics examines the ethical and values issues that impact and are interwoven with social work practice, research, and theory development. JSWVE addresses ethical and value issues that encompass the full range of social problems and issues that social workers encounter. The journal provides the necessary historical perspectives on the development of social work values and ethics, as well as present articles providing value and ethical dilemmas stemming from state-of-the-art developments.

Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal publishes original articles focused on clinical social work practice with children, adolescents, and their families. The coverage addresses current issues in the field of social work drawn from theory, direct practice, research, and social policy. The range of topics includes problems affecting a variety of specific populations, in special settings.

The European Journal of Social Work provides a forum for the social professions in all parts of Europe and beyond. It analyses and promotes European and international developments in social work, social policy, social service institutions, and strategies for social change by publishing refereed papers on contemporary key issues. Contributions include theoretical debates, empirical studies, research notes, country perspectives, and reviews. It maintains an interdisciplinary perspective which recognises positively the diversity of cultural and conceptual traditions in which the social professions of Europe are grounded. In particular it examines emerging European paradigms in methodology and comparative analysis.

The new SW&S-Issue is now available! SW&S is very pleased to offer all readers again a great selection of excellent international papers. We are proud to present you a new SW&S-Special Issue on “Orphan Care”, edited by Joanne Bailey from the University of Houston- Downtown.

Social work as a discipline focuses on theoretical and philosophical positions such as social justice, equality, and empowerment.  While these can be described as “philosophies of social work,” we should ask ourselves, “What is our philosophy of social work?”

A quarterly journal that provides a forum for the exchange of social work information among professionals and academics.

Social impact assessment (SIA) has become an important means through which the social implications of major infrastructure and resource developments are incorporated into public decision making.

The Social Science Journal is the official journal of the Western Social Science Association. The principal purpose of the journal is to publish scholarly work in the social sciences defined in the classical sense, that is in the social sciences, the humanities, and the ... click here for full Aims & Scope

Saturday, March 13, 2010

The implementation of Forest Rights Act and the forest dwellers

The Forest Rights Act is a good step towards securing and establishing the traditional forest rights of tribal communities.  In this regard, many NGOs, government departments, individuals as well as indigenous people across India are engaging in the process of claiming the legal rights to the forest dwellers.

The Recognition of Forest Rights Act – better known as the Forest Rights Act (FRA) of 2006 is to reduce historical injustice committed against forest dwellers but it remains only on paper and pen.
Millions of people live in and near forest lands, but have no legal right to their homes, lands or livelihoods. The forest dwellers also not aware about their rights.
In India 82% of forest blocks in Madhya pradesh and 40% of Odisha's reserved forests were never surveyed. Similarly 60% of India's national parks have till today (sometimes after 25 years, as in Sariska) not completed their process of inquiry and settlement of rights. As the Tiger Task Force of the Government of India put it, In the name of conservation they are doing nothing and now there have only 1411 tigers exists in India.
Commissioner for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, in his 29th Report, said that "The criminalisation of the entire communities in the tribal areas is the darkest blot on the liberal tradition of our country."The Indian Forest Act, 1927, India's main forest law, had nothing to do with conservation. 
The gram sabha plays this role because it is a public body where all people participate, and  is fully democratic and transparent. The gram sabha's recommendation goes through two stages of screening committees at the taluka and district levels. 

The district level committee makes the final decision (section 6(6)). The Committees have six members - three government officers and three elected persons. At both the taluka and the district levels, any person who believes a claim is false can appeal to the Committees, and if they prove their case the right is denied sections 6(2) and 6(4). Finally, land recognised under this Act cann't be sold or transferred.
Further impact
  • The destruction of five lakh hectares of forest in the past five years alone for mines, dams and industrial projects  
  • The clearing of millions of hectares of forest for monoculture plantations by the Forest Department  
  • The loss of more than 90% of India's grasslands to commercial forest department plantations
What does the Forest Rights Act do?
  • Makes a beginning towards giving communities, aware common people and the public a voice in forest
  • Make wildlife conservation  
  • Grants legal recognition to the rights of traditional forest dwelling communities

Sunday, March 7, 2010

Odisha Government provides 50% reservation to women in Panchayat Raj Institutions

It’s really a very nice gift for the women on International Women’s Day  that, the Odisha  State Government today approved a proposal to increase reservation for women to 50 percent  in panchayats.  
President Pratibha Patil's announcement of the 100-days agenda of the government in June had mentioned the intent to provide fifty percent reservation for women in Panchayats.
Article 243(D) of the Constitution to enhance reservation for women in panchayats at all tiers from the current one-third to at least 50 per cent. The 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments have accorded Indian women a scope for political representation.
At present, out of the total elected representatives of panchayats, approximately 28.1 lakhs, 36.87 per cent are women. With the proposed constitutional amendment, the number of elected women representatives is expected to rise to more than 14 lakhs.
According to the agenda panchayat samiti chairman would be work as the deputy chairman of the block level advisory committees of the Food and Supplies department.
States like Bihar, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have already implemented 50 per cent quota for women in the panchayati raj institutions.

Friday, March 5, 2010

Sexual harassment and rape cases in sevashram

Two teachers, including the head master of a sevashram were arrested for allegedly raping and sexually exploiting four girl students of Badoamboda sevashram of Kosagumuda block, Nabarangpur dist., Odisha.  While one is head master, another is a gana sishya (a teacher) and husband of the lady cook-cum-attendant. 
The victims were subjected to medical examination and one of them was found to be pregnant.
The sevashram, run by the State SC and ST welfare department, is situated at a distance of 55 k.m. from the dist-headquarter. The strength of the ashram is around 300, including 240 girls.
Sources said that many girls are exploiting by them and not speaking out of fear.  The Dist. Collector and the State Government have to take immediate action against those teachers. Otherwise no girl can dare to stay in any ashram in future.      May be the sexual harassment and rape in ashrams and organizations are the causes for which till now in Nabarangpur district, we don’t found any destitute home for women.                     Many popular politicians and richest persons of Nabarangpur and jharigaon told about the exploitation held at Dabugaon kanyashram, Bhimaguda kanyashram and Ratikhandiguda KBK girls hostel. But many from those people were exploited the innocent girls of that hostels/kanyashrams. All may be forget about a issue happened on Jharigaon previous year when computerised naked photo copy of a college girl joint with a man and distributed among the common people. Though police, media persons and political parties known about the issue all were remained silent. If the common people have no respect for the mothers and sisters of their own village then how can the state Government stop the violence. It's really very shameful and painful incident.               

Tuesday, March 2, 2010

India needs 6,800 more hospitals in rural areas

India needs  6,800 more hospitals in rural areas to provide basic health facilities to its common people.  
"There is still a shortage of 4,477 primary healthcare centres and 2,337 community healthcare centres.
The survey said: "Village level health and sanitation committees were still to be constituted in nine states".
Union finance minister Pranab Mukherjee on Friday proposed to hike the spending on public healthcare to Rs 22,300 crore, up 14% from last year. Besides, health insurance has also been extended to more than 20% of the Indian population covered by the NREGA (National Rural employment Guarantee Act) program.
But the  annual survey presented in parliament said: "Almost 29 percent of the existing health infrastructure is in rented buildings. Poor upkeep and maintenance, and high absenteeism of manpower in the rural areas are the main problems in the health delivery system."
"Basic facilities were still absent in many health centres with many PHCs (primary health centres) and CHCs (community health centres) being unable to provide guaranteed service such as in-patient services, operation theatres, labour rooms, pathological tests, X-ray facilities and emergency care."
The survey also said that the infant mortality rate is expected to reach 30 per every 100,000 live births against the current level of 53 by 2012.