Thursday, April 1, 2010

India launches world's biggest census

The nation is all set to embark on the largest census exercise, ever undertaken probably in the world, with Census 2011 on Thursday (April 1) will commence with President Pratibha Patil being the first citizen to be enumerated, followed by Vice President Hamid Ansari.

Indian Census has been the most credible source of information on Demography, Economic Activity, Literacy and Education, Housing and Household Amenities, Urbanization, Fertility and Mortality, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Language, Religion, Migration, Disability and many other socio-cultural and demographic data since 1872.

Spread across 35 States and Union Territories, the Census would cover 640 Districts, 5767 Tehsils, 7742 Towns and more than 6 lakhs villages. More than 24 crores households will be visited and 1.20 billion people enumerated during this exercise. The Census would cost around Rs. 2,209 crores. Every person over the age of 15 will be photographed and fingerprinted to create a biometric national database.

This is India's 15th census, carried out in the country every 10 years since 1872. India's population is around 1.2 billion people, 7,000 towns and 600,000 villages according to gender, religion, occupation and education. The full census results will be released in mid-2011.

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