Thursday, February 25, 2010

Remarks for International Women's Day

International Women's Day (IWD) is marked on March 8 every year. It is a major day of global celebration for the economic, political and social achievements of women. In some places like China, Russia, Vietnam and Bulgaria, IWD is a national holiday. The first IWD was run in 1911.

The status of women in India has been subject to many great changes over the past few millennia. From a largely unknown status in ancient times through the low points of the medieval period, to the promotion of equal rights by many reformers, the history of women in India has been eventful.

The Constitution of India guarantees to all Indian women equality (Article 14), no discrimination by the State (Article 15(1)), equality of opportunity (Article 16), equal pay for equal work (Article 39(d)). In addition, it allows special provisions to be made by the State in favor of women and children (Article 15(3)), renounces practices derogatory to the dignity of women (Article 51(A) (e)) and also allows for provisions to be made by the State for securing just and human conditions of work and for maternity relief. (Article 42).

In 1946 the United Nations established a Commission on the Status of Women. Originally as the Section on the Status of Women, Human Rights Division, Department of Social Affairs  and now part of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). Since 1975 the UN has held a series of world conferences on women's issues, starting with the World Conference of the International Women's Year in Mexico City. These conferences created an international forum for women's rights and  illustrated divisions between women of different cultures and the difficulties of attempting to apply principles universally.On occasion of 2009 International Women's Day the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has warned that the specific health-care needs of women.

 Remarks for Women's Day

  • 1879:John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune established the Bethune School in 1849, which developed into the Bethune College in 1879, thus becoming the first women's college in India
  • 883: Chandramukhi Basu and Kadambini Ganguly became the first female graduates of India and the British Empire
  • 1886: Kadambini Ganguly and Anandi Gopal Joshi became the first women from India to be trained in Western medicine 
  • 1905: Suzanne RD Tata becomes the first Indian woman to drive a car
  • 1916: The first women's university, SNDT Women's University, was founded on June 2, 1916 by the social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve with just five students
  • 1917: Annie Besant became the first female president of the Indian National Congress
  • 1919: For her distinguished social service, Pandita Ramabai became the first Indian woman to be awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind by the British Raj
  • 1925: Sarojini Naidu became the first Indian born female president of the Indian National Congress
  • 1927: The All India Women's Conference was founded
  • 1944: Asima Chatterjee became the first Indian woman to be conferred the Doctorate of Science by an Indian university
  • 1947: On August 15, 1947, following independence, Sarojini Naidu became the governor of the United Provinces, and in the process became India's first woman governor
  • 1951: Prem Mathur becomes the first Indian women commercial pilot of the Deccan Airways
  • 1953: Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit became the first woman (and first Indian) president of the United Nations General Assembly 
  • 959: Anna Chandy becomes the first Indian woman judge of a High Court (Kerala High Court)
  • 1963:Sucheta Kriplani became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the first woman to hold that position in any Indian state
  • 1966: Captain Durga Banerjee becomes the first Indian woman pilot of the state airline, Indian Airlines
  • 1966: Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay wins Ramon Magsaysay award for community leadership
  • 1966: Indira Gandhi becomes the first woman Prime Minister of India
  • 1970: Kamaljit Sandhu becomes the first Indian woman to win a Gold in the Asian Games
  • 1972: Kiran Bedi becomes the first female recruit to join the Indian Police Service
  • 1979: Mother Teresa wins the Nobel Peace Prize, becoming the first Indian female citizen to do so
  • 1984: On May 23, Bachendri Pal became the first Indian woman to climb Mount Everest.
  • 1989: Justice M. Fathima Beevi becomes the first woman judge of the Supreme Court of India
  • 1997: Kalpana Chawla becomes the first India-born woman to go into space
  • 1992: Priya Jhingan becomes the first lady cadet to join the Indian Army (later commissioned on March 6, 1993)
    1994: Harita Kaur Deol becomes the first Indian woman pilot in the Indian Air Force (IAF), on a solo flight
  • 2000: Karnam Malleswari became the first Indian woman to win an Olympic medal (bronze medal in the 2000 Summer Olympics at Sydney)
  • 2002: Lakshmi Sahgal became the first Indian woman to run for the post of President of India
  • 2004: Punita Arora became the first woman in the Indian Army to don the highest rank of Lieutenant General
  • 2007: Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak became the first Indian woman to be appointed as University Professor at an Ivy League university (Columbia University)
  • 2007: Pratibha Patil becomes the first woman President of India
  • 2008: Renu Khator became the first India born woman to lead a major American university, the University of Houston
  • 2009: Meira Kumar became the first woman Speaker of Lok Sabha, the lower house in Indian Parliament

Below are some of the global United Nation themes used for International Women's Day 

- 2010: Equal rights, equal opportunities: Progress for all
- 2009: Women and men united to end violence against women and girls
- 2008: Investing in Women and Girls
- 2007: Ending Impunity for Violence against Women and Girls
- 2006: Women in decision-making
- 2005: Gender Equality Beyond 2005: Building a More Secure Future
- 2004: Women and HIV/AIDS
- 2003: Gender Equality and the Millennium Development Goals
- 2002: Afghan Women Today: Realities and Opportunities
- 2001: Women and Peace: Women Managing Conflicts
- 2000: Women Uniting for Peace
- 1999: World Free of Violence against Women
- 1998: Women and Human Rights
- 1997: Women at the Peace Table
- 1996: Celebrating the Past, Planning for the Future
- 1975: First IWD celebrated by the United Nations

1 Comments:

At March 8, 2010 7:15 PM , Blogger curious07 said...

very insightful....

 

Post a Comment

<< Home