Saturday, August 15, 2009

Bal Chetna by the Vedanta Aluminium Limited (VAL) in Odisha

Vedanta Aluminium Limited (VAL), Lanjigarh, has adopted all the 400 Anganwadis in six blocks of Kalahandi district under a project, Bal Chetna, in association with Sterlite Foundation and Government of Odisha through private-public partnership, which aims to provide five-fold services includes, play way method of learning, nutritious food, improvement of health status with focus on anaemia reduction and provide education materials to the underprivileged group that is from 0-5 years.

Vedanta has already earned a good name for successfully operating 32 Child Care Centres with 1,139 children in the 18 villages at Lanjigarh. The local, poor people have many expectation on the new project, Bal Chetna, which will take care of their children’s health, nutrition and early education.

Friday, August 14, 2009

An Anganwadi worker was paraded naked by the sarpanch at Kendrapada Dist. in "Odisha"

At Nadiabarei village in the Patakura Police station area at Kendrapada district, a 35 year old Anganwadi worker was beaten and paraded naked by the sarpanch, Bibhuti Parida because the Anganwadi Worker refused to gave rice, dal and baby foods to him.

It’s very ridiculous that how the common people remained silence and enjoyed the reality show when a women paraded naked within the entire village.

In our society no one have the right to go beyond the law and regulations but some people with political & money power always challenge the existing system. Where we are going to celebrate August 15 as the Independence Day in India, this national festival is how much good to celebrate with great enthusiasm where our poor people, women and children are suffering every part of their life everywhere.

Source: Times of India

A girl child sold for money in Patiala district of Punjab

A 13 years girl from Rajpura in Patiala district of Punjab sold by her parents to a 30 years old man in Pinjor, Haryana for 50,000. For a long two years she was mentally & physically tortured and one day succeed to left from his captor. But her family members are so cruel that, they sold her again to a 55 years old person in Kurukshetra for 10000, who had raped her repeatedly.

Thanks to the destitute home in Chandigarh by the help of which, she has decided to move the National Human Rights Commissions (NHRC) and National Commission for Women for Justice.

This is the Social & Economic condition of our society where people not hesitate to sale their daughter, sister and wife for money matter. It’s mainly in Punjab & Haryana due to mushrooming of female foeticides girls are suffering and sale by one person to another.

Indian Government should be taken some immediate steps to stop these types of atrocities against women.

Source: Times of India

Monday, August 10, 2009

Human Rights Issues in Odisha

Violence against women was high in Odisha. The National Crime Records Bureau reported 6,249 cases of violence against women, including 799 rape cases, 547 abduction cases, 334 dowry deaths, and 1,671 cases of cruelty by husband and relatives, among others in Odisha during 2005. According to the Government of Odisha, 2,550 cases were registered relating to dowry and non-dowry torture in 2005.Women were killed on the charges of being “witches”.

The National Crime Records Bureau reported 86 cases of child abuse in Odisha during 2005, including 9 murder cases, 28 rape cases, and 16 kidnapping cases, among other. The Dalits, who constituted 16.53% of the states' total population, were neglected lot. About 52.30% of the Dalits lived below the poverty line. The National Crime Records Bureau reported 1,439 cases of crimes against the Dalits in Odisha . Their houses were burnt and they were denied access to public places and services such as community tube well and temples.

Dalit women were often subjected to torture, inhuman and degrading treatment. On 19 September 2005, a group of Dalit women belonging to the barber community were reportedly dragged out of their houses and paraded naked on the streets by upper-caste Khandayat community in Bhubanpati village in Puri district. The women had been punished as their husbands refused to wash the feet of a bridegroom and other members of the barati during an upper-caste marriage held in July 2005.

In Kendrapara district, Dalit women applying for the job of cooks in schools under the mid-day meal scheme were allegedly turned away by the school authorities for the fear that upper caste students might not take the food cooked by Dalits. This was in contrary to the government directive for recruitment of women preferably from Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes about 1,420 primary schools in the district.

The tribals constituted 22.13% of the state's total population according to 2001 census. About 73.08% of the tribals lived below the poverty line. Their literacy rate was as low as 37.37%.The National Crime Records Bureau reported 602 cases of atrocities against the tribal peoples in Odisha, which amount to 10.5% of the total cases of atrocities against the tribals in India during 2005.The police also tortured tribals and filed false cases to arrest them on the charges of sheltering the Maoists.

The State government of Odisha did not recognise the land rights of the tribals in the state, and suppressed any movement by tribals demanding such rights. During 2002-2005, the Odisha government signed 42 Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) with companies for proposed steel and other plants in the state as a result of which thousands of tribals would be displaced.About 2 million people, most of them tribals, had been reportedly displaced in Odisha between 2005 and 2009 due to dams, canals, mines and other industries. Majority of the displaced persons had not received compensation and rehabilitation.

During 2002-2005, the Odisha government signed 42 Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) with companies for proposed steel and other plants in the state which would displace thousands of tribals.The MoU with Korean steel major Pohang Steel Company (Posco) signed on 22 June 2005 for setting up a steel plant at Paradeep in Jagatsinghpur district in Odisha with a total investment of $12 billion would displace around 4,000 tribal families.

Trafficking was rampant in Odisha. A study conducted by the Bhubaneswar-based Institute of Socio-Economic Development in collaboration with United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) revealed that the holy place of Puri remained the main destination of victims of trafficking with 43.83 per cent, followed by capital city of Bhubaneswar with 30%. The study covered 13 out of the State's 30 districts and identified 559 cases of trafficking from 275 villages in 83 blocks under 21 districts.

These districts include the tribal dominated districts of Koraput, Nabarangpur, Rayagada, Nuapada, Mayurbhanj & keonjhar and other districts of Bhadrak , Balasore , Ganjam, Puri, Khurda, Kendrapara, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur & Cuttack with industrial and mining towns, tourist spots and large urban centres. The study further revealed that sex work was the primary means of survival for most of the victims within the age group of 18 to 35 years.

Sunday, August 9, 2009

Indians going hungry "Drought prevails in 141 districts"

The possibility of more Indians going hungry, with 141 of the country’s 626 districts, around 6 million hectares has been reported in paddy, which is the worst affected crop & hit by drought & people must be prepared for a further rise in the prices of products. There has been an overall deficit of 25 percent in rainfall this monsoon.

Drought will impact both consumers as well farmers. While for the consumers it means rising food prices, for the farmers about 60 per cent of the country’s population dependent on agriculture, it could mean one more year of no income; one more year of desperation.

Mr. Singh advised states to go in for an “area specific strategy’’ wherein the production of traditional crops like paddy could be maximised in areas that received good rainfall, and areas with small rainfall could look for alternate crops.

Many of the states are now struggling with a drought like situation. The Prime Minister met representatives of state governments to ascertain their preparedness in dealing with the impact. The worst affected states are Bihar, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Manipur and Assam.

The PM also assured the states of all assistance to tackle the situation, but also had a few suggestions:

  • Rain deficient states should try alternate crops that requires less water
  • Plan better for the next Rabi crop to compensate for the loss in Kharif season
  • Focus on water conservation

But the Government’s suggestions are looking like the preparedness only for the future & now people need real assistance not the assurance.

Thursday, August 6, 2009

UN refuse to provide Energy Foods to India's Malnourished Children

A senior official from the UN's children agency, Unicef, told that malnourished children would now be given the locally available foods. So the agency has now re-exported the therapeutic food to Afghanistan and Madagascar, where it has been used for a long time.

Indian officials say that imported peanut paste is expensive and that they are not know about its effectiveness. They want the product to be approved by the Indian health ministry first.

Unicef had been distributing the food, made of peanut paste, to malnourished children in two Indian states mainly in Bihar and Madhya Pradesh where service is not sufficient for children in a critical condition.

India is home to the greatest number of malnourished children in the world and it is estimated that more than half of them are in the two states.

Health experts have criticised the Indian government's decision & said, though India has becoming economically developed but it fail to end malnutrition & the country is still facing the problem because of its negligence.

Tuesday, August 4, 2009

Various factors leads to Rural-Urban Migration

Large groups of landless, unskilled, illiterate laborers and petty farmers leave their villages and go to urban area for searching employment & they feel that village might be fail to provide adequate services to them.

According to the figures provided by the Indian social institute, there have minimum16.4 million people displaced due to dams, 2.55 million for mines, 1.25 million for industrial development and 0.6million are due to wild life sanctuaries and national parks.

The UN says that if urban migration continues at the present rate, then 46% of the total population, 634 million people will be in urban regions of India by 2030.

Acoording to UN source, 43.8% of total population moved due to marriage, 21.0% with their households, 14.7% due to work & employment.

By 2050, in every 45 people in the world would have been displaced by climate change by 2050, according to UNO Experts.

Causes of migration

  1. Income maximization
  2. Inequalities in the available social & economic opportunities
  3. Less employment opportunity
  4. Social conflicts and social tension
  5. Gap in civilization/culture
  6. Law and order situation

The effective steps should taken by Government to reduce rural-urban migration

  1. Tribal development programme
  2. Rural landless employment schemes
  3. Small farmers development programmes
  4. Village development & community development programmes
  5. Rural development
  6. Develop programmes related to Women empowerment
  7. Food for work programme
  8. Training to rural youth for self development
  9. Hill area & draught area development programme