Sunday, November 15, 2009

Leprosy, a curable and non communicable disease


Considering the bacteria are very difficult to destroy, antibiotic treatment has to be continued for a long period of time, depending on the severity of the infection and the doctor's judgment, treatment may continue anywhere from six to many years.

Usually a patient suffering from leprosy has to take medication for the rest of his life. “The disease is 100% curable through multi-drug treatment available at every primary health centre now. The treatment is free of cost,”.

India is among the countries with highest number of leprosy patients in the world. According to latest figures there are 292, 730 patients on record accounting for 2.74 leprosy patients per 10, 000 people.

As per WHO standards the ‘elimination level’ is less than one person per 10, 000 people. Indian states with more than five cases per 10, 000 are Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Odisha. In Uttar Pradesh, it is 4.12 per 10, 000 and in Bengal it is 2.7 per 10, 000. Over all the leprosy rate has reduced from 57.6 per 10, 000 in 1981 to 3.2 per 10, 000 in 2003.

However, there are still 300 leprosy colonies throughout the country indicating a widespread prevalence.

1 Comments:

At November 18, 2009 1:49 AM , Blogger Deepak Rajgor said...

While this kind of article is good as you guys bring to the knowledge of common public about Leprosy I also wish to tell you

1. In late 90's the government of India had taken into various NGO's help with NLEP campaign - a kind of integration of the issue of Leprosy to general health services.

The result being the wonderful surveys that were done and both governments of state and various NGO's had database of people who are challenged by Leprosy.

Now, I see that the government has no major role in those surveys. I think it is good that you people are making such awareness but someone should do it at bottom level so that those surveys are integrated again and the result will be - you will have correct, factual data of PB, MB type of Leprosy patients, their stage of leprosy and cure, Etc.,

2. The prevalence rate has gone down. The WHO too states that. I remember attending National Leprosy Congress in year 2000 at Jaypee Palace hotel in Agra where everyone announced that they will 'eliminate' leprosy - all those speakers who came from all parts of globe but even today the curse of Leprosy is still prevalent.

3. I also think that re constructive surgeries have to be given free of cost in all government hospitals. There are few cases where untreated leprosy patients who conceal their condition of leprosy due to various social pressures or fear of rejection of society, their deformity goes a step further. These cases are few but government should consider giving free treatment.

4. Stigma! This is the most un noticed issue. Stigma still persists. Nobody has still made an awareness film on this issue. The people who are challenged by Leprosy, have done everything but not taken medical help.

5. Socio-Economic rehabilitation by NGO's has to be taken up.

6. The WHO can say anything about so and so cases of Leprosy being detected, cured but who has right information about those tribal s in Odissa who move from one place to another place?

The aforesaid is just my opinion as I have taken special interest in this subject over last decade in making awareness films.


It's good that you guys have come up with this article. Leprosy is definitely curable at all stages. Its a fact. Keep it up.

 

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