Saturday, July 11, 2009

Village life in India

India have approximately 10,00,000 villages. The Census of India regards most settlements of fewer than 15,000. Each village is connected through a variety of crucial horizontal linkages with other villages and with urban areas both near and far.

Most villages are characterized by a multiplicity of economic, caste, kinship, occupational, and even religious groups linked vertically within each settlement.

Factionalism is a typical feature of village politics. The number of castes resident in a single village can vary widely, from one to more than forty. Typically, a village is dominated by one or a very few castes that essentially control the village land and on whose patronage members of weaker groups must rely.

The houses of Dalits are generally located in separate neighborhoods or on the outskirts of the nucleated settlement.The number of castes resident in a single village can vary widely, from one to more than forty.

Typically, a village is dominated by one or a very few castes that essentially control the village land. Villagers share use of common village facilities-the village pond (known in India as a tank), grazing grounds, temples and shrines, cremation grounds, schools, sitting spaces under large shade trees, wells, and wastelands.

A great many observances emphasize village unity. Typically, each village recognizes a deity deemed the village protector. Villagers unite in regular worship of this deity, considered essential to village prosperity.

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