Monday, June 15, 2009

Tribal Education & their Primitive Culture


India is a unit of different races & tribes. The tribals claim to be the original inhabitats of India. So they are known as Adivashi or Adima Jati. They had non formal system of education. They had their own system of education & culture.



Dimensions of tribal education:

1. Post figurative education
2. Con figurative system
3. Dialect

Post figurative education:
post figurative education is limited within the family. That types of education was mostly among the tribes. The parents learned their children by drawing picture. They expressed & exchanged their view through figure, symbols.

Con figurative system:
The con figurative system isn't limited to the family, within the parents & children but its scope was very wide. They exchange their views & ideas with their peers, relatives & others by the help of figures & symbols. It's one type of non-formal education.

Dialect:
Dialect means what a person explain by use voice. Dialect has used by the parents & children. Its one types of non-formal education & its continue hierarchically. Dialects are different from speech & language. Its a component of languages. It includes sound, postures & gestures of the tribals. It's a types of pronunciation.

The factors which influence the tribals to accept & remain in their own non-formal education:
1. Habitat
2. Custom
3. Culture

Besides these there have some other factors which influence them to follow their non-formal education are:

1. The tribal had primitive & indigenous culture
2. Way of economic pursues taught by the parents
3. Feudal system
4. Rural Technology
5. Tribal education is unwritten in nature

1. The tribal had primitive & indigenous culture:
The tribals had primitive & indigenous culture & habits that includes superstition, folk practices & very primitive rituals & rites. This prevented them from the rest of the world & they preferred to be isolated. That's why they had very little exposer as a result there have a non-formal system of education.

2. Way of economic pursues taught by the parents:
The parents taught their children about economic pursues & made them skilled in that particular, traditional occupation. So they practice "craft" from generation to generation & it prevented them to follow a formal system. It's called rural antigens, who have some traditional skill without having any education by which they earn money for livelihood. They get skill from their parents & for fathers, so they aren't think of any formal system of education.

3. Feudal system:
Feudal system means a king having some subjects. The feudal lords had the evils intention of exploitation & that's why they had no intention of promoting tribal education in a formal manner. So feudalism is also a barrier to tribal education.

4. Rural Technology
There have two types of technology as:
1. Simple technology
2. Sophisticated technology

Simple technology
The activities of tribal people & their economic pursues like work in small scale industry as crafter, collector of forest products, hunter etc.are simple way to earn money so they want to practice these for their livelihood.

Sophisticated technology
They are very Innocent, their exposer is limited & that's why they remain (indifferent) aloof from modern technological practices & training as a result they don't prefer formal types of education.

5.Tribal education is unwritten in nature:
Tribal education suffered a lot because of its unwritten nature. In tribals nothing was recorded about the tribal habitats, culture, language, so they have no idea about formal system of education. This unwritten nature prevented the tribals to follow a systematic pattern of education.

Their own written dialects, habits & experiences were simply their non-formal system of education. Their traditional institutional institutions are learning centres which has provided them opportunities to learn different traditional skill for their living & other practices.

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