Thursday, May 21, 2009

Characteristics of Traditional, Modern & Post-modern Society

Indian society was described as traditional society till the first quarter of the twentieth century. Though the British Government did industrialization and introduced several economic and social changes but it was not interested in raising the quality of life of the people. Traditionalism and modernity are two extremes but accepting traditionalism doesn’t mean completely rejecting modernization. It may simply mean regulating the forces of modernization.

So Simply, Society means a group of people having different families living in a specific social boundary may be with traditonal or modern values. Society is also consisting of numbers of people having differences in their custom, tradition, ethics but people are forced to follow some societal role.

Characteristics of Traditional Society
1. The status of a person is determined by birth & is fixed
2. Individual's behaviour is governed by custom & ways of behaviour of people vary only slightly from generation to generation.
3. Social organization is based on hierarchy
4. Individual identifies herself/himself with primary groups and kinship relations predominate in interaction
5. In individual is given more importance in social relations than his position
6. In individual identifies himself with primary groups and kinship relations predominate in interaction
7. People are conservative
8. Economy is simple and productively low
9. Mythical thought predominates in society

Characteristics of Modern society
1. Individual's status in society is determined by her/his own potentialities & capabilities
2. A person’s behaviour is governed by law than by custom
3. Social structure is based on equality
4. Secondary relations predominate over primary relations
5. Individual’s position in society is achieved & it’s given more importance in social relations
6. People are innovative
7. Economy is based on complex technology
8. Rational thought predominates in society

Characteristics of Post modern society
1. Social character is merged into constitutional profile
2. Agrarian life has converted to mechanical life
3. Natural environment became polluted
4. Value base society automatically converted with principle driven society

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