Monday, April 13, 2009

Types of Group in Social Work Method

A group is essential to identify & solve the problems of a number of members within a community. Formation of group is essential in every where it may be in family, pioneer group or any institution.

Types of Groups:

  1. Primary group/small group
  2. Secondary group

Primary group:
Primary group is small group in which a small number of persons come into direct contact with one-another. For Exp:Family, pioneer group

Characteristics of small group:

  • Physical proximity
  • Small in size
  • Stability
  • Similar status
  • Self interest towards group
  • Mutual sharing between individuals

Secondary groups:
Secondary groups are consisting of a large number of people. For Exp:Labour party, Students union

Characteristics of secondary group:

  • Large in size
  • Formal and impersonal relationship
  • Active & Inactive
  • Indirect relationship
  • Goal oriented
  • State of individual

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