Thursday, April 9, 2009

Health Initiatives to control IMR,MMR & prevent types of diseases


NRHM Initiatives & its general Objectives:

NRHM(National Rural Health Mission) Universally access to public services for food and nutrition, sanitation and hygiene and universal access to public health care services with emphasis on services addressing women’s and children’s health and universal immunization.



  • Reduction in child and maternal mortality
  • Prevention and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases, including locally endemic diseases
  • Access to integrated comprehensive primary health care
  • Population stabilisation, gender and demographic balance
  • Revitalisation of local health traditions and mainstream AYUSH
  • Promotion of healthy life styles

Objectives of ASHA:

  • Create awareness on health and its social determinants
  • Mobilize the community towards local health planning
  • Increase utilization and accountability of the existing health services
  • Promote good health practices
  • Provide a minimum package of curative care as appropriate and feasible for that level
  • Undertaking timely referrals

Objectives of Immunization :

  • Contribute global eradication of Polio by 2007
  • Elimination of Neonatal Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis by 2009
  • Measles mortality and morbidity reduction to 80% by 2010, compared to 2000 estimate
  • Achieve and maintain vitamin A supplementation coverage to 80% under the age of 3 Years
  • Establish sufficient sustainable and accountable fund flow at all levels
  • Ensure there is sustained demand and reduced social barriers to access immunisation services
All Districts in different countries will provide equitable, efficient and safe immunisation services to all infants and pregnant women. Aim is to achieve 100% full immunisation status & control IMR(Infant mortality rate) & MMR(Maternal mortality rate) by 2009-2010 and to maintain it for long.

2005-06---------50%
2006-07---------60%
2007-08---------75%
2008-09---------95%
2009-10---------100%

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