Thursday, April 23, 2009

Beggary a "Social Problem"

Beggary is a major problem which is today affecting large population of India. There are large number of beggars in India who are forced in to doing begging because our societies fails in providing any good alternative to them.

For the last few centuries India has suffered acute poverty. From the ancient times, the main cause of poverty was various taxes. poverty, disability and unemployment is the problem of beggary which is a social problem.

The other issue is slightly more serious where large numbers of beggars are in begging for earning easy money. The major issues with this beggary problem are non awareness about this whole business, society’s failure, no humanitarian solutions and failure of government in stopping beggary because of which large number of children deprived from right to education & childhood. Indian government never tried to rectify the faulty system by repealing anti-poverty or beggary laws. In fact, poor women, children and elderly people need help from the government to obtain food and shelter.

Bombay Beggary Prevention Act 1960
An Act to consolidate and Where it is expedient to make uniform and better provision for the prevention of begging in the state of Bombay, for the detention training and employment of beggars and their dependents in certain institutions, for the custody, trial and punishment of beggar offenders and for other purposes to consolidate and the purpose of making uniform and better provision for the prevention of begging in Bombay, Government has amended the law relating to beggers.

Short title
This Act may be called the Bombay Prevention of Begging Act, 1959.

It extends to the whole of the Union Territory, Delhi.
It shall come into force on such date as the Chief Commissioner may by notification in the Delhi Gazette, appoint.

In this Act,
"begging" means:-
  • Soliciting or receiving alms, in a public place whether or not doing such as signing, dancing, fortune telling, performing or offering any article for sale;
  • Entering on any private premises or the purpose of soliciting or receiving alms;
  • Exposing or exhibiting, with the object of obtaining or extorting alms, any sore, wound injury, deformity of diseases whether of a human being or animal;
  • Having no visible means of subsistence and wandering, about or remaining in any public place in such condition or manner, as makes it likely that the person doing so exist soliciting or receiving alms.
But does not include soliciting or receiving money or food or given for a purpose authorises by any law, or authorised in the manner prescribed by the Deputy Commissioner or such other officer as be specified in this behalf by the Chief Commissioner.

The government of Bangladesh is banning beggars. With a law approved in an open vote, the parliament has decided that anyone who asks for charity in public, or displays handicaps or mutilations in order to obtain money, will be punished with three months in prison.

According to United Nations estimates, about 40% of the population as around 150 million live under poverty line and forceable to do begging. As per the latest estimates available for the year 1999-2001, Jammu and Kashmir has the lowest percentage of people living below the poverty line (3.48%) and Orissa has the highest percentage of people living below the poverty line (47.15%).


At April 14, 2010 at 6:53 PM , Blogger Bijayalaxmi said...

i have gone through your valuable article which really shows a major problem in india.i want to share my views with u that when i was taking interview with beggars in delhi, i knew that it is not only the problem of poverty, unemployment and disability but it is the attitude of citizens towards them for encouraging this profession.The persons who are affected in leprosy and disabilities are isolated from family and community due to stigma and discrimination,traditional thinking etc.They have the only source to go outside the state and indulge in this for livelihood.

At June 4, 2010 at 11:23 AM , Blogger rifat said...

shafqat siddiqui from mankera;Disst bhakkar;punjab; pakistan
ph # 0300-6907369


beggary is a worst social problem which does not only effect the life of an individual but also disturb the whole society we should eliminate this evil to save over society from many problems, because many problem take place in society due to begging like theft, murrder, human sailing,prustitute,drug sailing etc.there are two major factors of begging
1 push factors
drug adiction
old age problem
broken homes etc
2 pull factors
easy source of income
profitable business

At June 27, 2010 at 6:26 PM , Anonymous Santosh Nargund said...


Nice article. We, Rashtraotthan Sankalp (, have done a public audit of the Beggary relief system in Karnatak and are publishing a report covering the study. Would be pleased to share the same with you and all.

Thank you.

At June 27, 2010 at 6:28 PM , Blogger Sant said...

My email:

At September 24, 2011 at 1:04 PM , Blogger Pramod Sultania said...

Beggary in India is a big problem. Please note that most of temples are easy place for beggary and we are promoting beggary by giving alms in front of Temples. As a first step, we should stop giving alms in public places. But we must do some thing for preventing the spread of beggary particularly among young children by educating, motivating and helping them. We have started a project in this direction. We are adopting temples where people will be discouraged to offer alms. Instead they will be encouraged to donate the money to any good NGO devoted to the cause of development of young child beggars. The child beggars will be given breakfast and food and will be delivered motivational talk not to beg. Financial help will be provided to young child beggars for quitting beggary. Anybody interested in associating in the movement called 'citizen against beggary ' can contact me at 09811322534 and spread the message. Remember people don't beg in front of Jain Temples/Gurdwaras etc. Pramod sultania Delhi


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