Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Monitoring and Evaluation in Social Research

Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) are essential components of good programme management at all levels as in State, District, Block. Monitoring & Evaluation covers assessment of programme inputs, activities, outputs, outcomes and impacts.

Although the term monitoring and evaluation tends to get run together as though they are one thing, monitoring & evaluation are in fact two distinct sets of departmental activities which are related but not identical.

Monitoring:

  • Is the systematic collection and analysis of information as a project progresses
  • Is aimed at improving the efficiency and effectiveness of a project or department
  • Is based on targets set and activities planned during the planning phases of work
  • Assesses the progress on a day-to-day basis and thus helps to keep the work on track
  • Help to determine whether the resources available are sufficient and being well used
    Provides a useful base for evaluation

Possible sources for Monitoring

  • Case studies
  • Recorded observation
  • Diaries
  • Recording & analysis of important incidents
  • Structured questionnaires
  • One-on-one interviews
  • Focus groups
  • Sample surveys
  • Systematic review of relevant official statistics

Evaluation:

  • Is the comparisiopn of actful project impacts against the agreed strategic plans.
  • It looks at what the plan of the researcher


Evaluation helps:

  • To identify problems and their causes
  • Suggest possible solutions to problems
  • Raise questions about assumptions and strategy
  • Provide an information & insight
  • Encourage to act on the information and insight
  • Develop positive likeness for people

Monitoring & evaluation are focusing on

  • Efficiency
  • Effectiveness
  • Impact

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