Origin of Indian Constitution
The Constitution of India was made by a Constituent Assembly which was specially convened to frame the Constitution of the country. The Constituent Assembly was set up under the Cabinet Mission Plan of May 16, 1946. The strength of the Constitution making body was to be 385 including 292 representatives drawn from the eleven Governor’s provinces of British India and 93 representatives from the Indian States.
The Draft Constitution of India was published in February 1948. The Constitution Assembly met in November 1948 to consider the provisions of the draft clause by clause, it was completed by 17th October 1949. The Constitution Assembly again sat on 14th November 1949 for the third reading and finished it on 26th November 1949. When it was signed by 284 members of the Constituent Assembly, including the president of the Assembly Dr. Rajendra Prasad and was declared as passed.
It was historic occasion when an enormous task had been accomplished, it was no less than an achievement when Independent India had a Constitution of its own. The Constituent Assembly took 2 years 11 months and 17 days to produce the Constitution and nearly 6.4 crores rupees were spent on the preparation. The Constitution as originally adopted had 22 parts, 395 articles and 8 schedules. Though, the Constitution was ready on 26th November, 1949, and some provisions relating to citizenship, elections, provisional parliament, temporary and transitional provisions were given immediate effect. But the rest of the Constitution came into force on 26th January, 1950, because on this date in 1929, the Indian National Congress had passed a resolution under the Presidentship of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in the Lahore session demanding Purna Swarajya from the British Government. Since that day, 26th January was being celebrated every year as "Purna Swarajya Day" or "Republic Day".